Mass tort lawsuits are the same as class action suits: they sue a company for damages against a large group of people. However, with mass torts, it is a bunch of individual cases rather than one large lawsuit. All of the cases are combined into a single trial to save time and money possibly.
There have been many instances over the years where a company or institution has hurt a large number of people with something that they have put on the market. Some examples of this include the fen-phen lawsuits of the late 1990s and early 2000s, the huge cigarette/tobacco industry settlement, and lawsuits filed over the Firestone tire explosions.
When a large number of plaintiffs are hurt, they will frequently go into a lawsuit together. This applies in particular when the people hurt to have very similar cases. When a list of plaintiffs gets extremely long, it is called a mass tort lawsuit.
A mass tort lawsuit is a civil action that includes numerous plaintiffs who are all fighting one or a few corporate defendants. This type of action can be performed in either federal or state court. As the name implies, mass tort includes numerous plaintiffs. Law firms regularly use the mass media platform to reach possible plaintiffs. This type of tort can include disaster torts, mass toxic torts, and product liability torts.
Mass tort lawsuit is a comparatively new area of law. It is a complex and demanding area of law. One of the most challenging parts of mass tort lawsuit is determining just who is at fault and how much fault there is. There are some fields where a person might become part of a mass tort procedure. These comprise product liability, such as for breast implants or tobacco; like price fixing, large business antitrust claims,; and large scale, “man-made” disasters like airplane crashes and chemical plant explosions.
Once a person has established a mass tort claim, the procedure is similar to a regular personal injury, or tort, lawsuit. It is a civil procedure which means that a person needs to have a cause of action. While there are very similar to regular tort proceedings, there are some significant differences between regular tort and mass tort proceedings.
Mass torts are different in that they involve large numbers of claims associated with a single product. A second difference is that despite the number of claimants there is a commonality of factual and legal issues. This means that the individuals serving as plaintiffs have very similar facts in their cases and don’t have differing legal issues. The final difference is that the claims have a value interdependence. This means that for the claims to be serious, they have a dependence on the other claims.